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Retirement

Overview on Individual Retirement Account Services

Overview on Individual Retirement Account Services

Individual Retirement Account Services, or IRAs, are special accounts with tax advantages to help you save for retirement.

Different types of retirement accounts provide you with different ways to deposit money, invest money, keep the money earned, and even to use the money you accumulate.

So be sure to consider the differences among the types of accounts and choose the one(s) that work best for you.

The specifics for each type of IRA are complex. Read carefully news reports and related information. Watch for the fine points that are easily missed or can be misleading.

With the complexity of the individual retirement account services and the options, few people are prepared to make all the decisions without good advice from a qualified financial advisor and/or tax preparer aware of your personal goals and risk tolerances. An IRA is only one piece in your total financial plan.

There are two types of IRAs:

  • Traditional IRA Services
  • Roth IRA Services

Traditional Individual Retirement Account Services

The traditional individual retirement account services let you to save money without paying taxes until you withdraw it. The money you put into the IRA can lower your taxable income and grows tax-free while it’s in the individual retirement account services.

This type of individual retirement account services is subject to income tax for the estate or beneficiary AND it may be part of the estate for estate tax calculations.

The effect on an estate will depend on state and federal tax laws in effect at time of death, marital deduction; beneficiary, etc. (Talk with your attorney.)

The non-deductible traditional individual retirement account services do NOT make sense if you qualify for a Roth IRA. In each case, there would be no current tax savings.

With the Traditional IRA, there would be income tax on earnings/growth, mandatory withdrawal, etc. Whereas the Roth IRA withdrawals would be federal income tax free.

The deductible traditional individual retirement account services are subject to income tax for the estate or beneficiary AND it may be part of the estate for estate tax calculations.

The effect on an estate will depend on state and federal tax laws in effect at time of death, marital deduction; beneficiary, etc. (Talk with your attorney.)

Roth Individual Retirement Account Services

The Roth Individual Retirement Account services offer a slight twist on the traditional IRA. There are differences in the tax advantages and who can open a Roth IRA. The most attractive part of Roth IRAs is that your money is withdrawn without paying federal taxes.

Penalties may apply for withdrawals within the five year minimum. After five years, contributions may be taken out. It is assumed that contributions are withdrawn first.

Distributions from interest/growth before age 591/2 are generally subject to a 10 percent penalty. Exceptions are withdrawals:

  • For education.
  • Up to $10,000 for first-time home buying.
  • In the event of disability or death.

Distributions need not begin at a specified age. There is NO excise tax for excess distribution.

  • The Roth income is Tax free, What does that mean? It may not be what you think.
  • Do you qualify?
  • How much can be contributed each year and when must funds be withdrawn? Penalties are very costly for contributing too much or for waiting too long to begin withdrawals from a traditional IRA.

At conversion, tax-deferred funds and interest/growth are subject to federal income tax as ordinary income.

There are individual retirement account services limitations on the number of conversions in a given time period. Some plans may also limit transfers. Funds should not come to you but go to your new plan in a direct transfer.

Advantages of the Roth Individual Retirement Account Services

  • Eliminates federal income tax on earnings and growth.
  • Roth IRA does not have to be withdrawn starting at any age.
  • Beneficiary may be able to continue income tax free status.

Calculations prepared as examples for case studies determined that the Roth IRA provides more income during retirement than other alternatives. (Advantages decrease if tax rate is significantly less during retirement.)